Locating and dimensioning spatial objects and with it the creation of spaces is at the heart of architectural and urban design. Thereby it is necessary to precast the effects that design decisions have on the behaviour of the future users as well as to estimate the sustainability and resilience of the designed object (such as a city or a building). Computational analysis methods can help to support this process due to the fact that they can reveal properties that are hardly recognizable at first intuitive sight.

In the first part of the seminar we examined methods for the quantitative analysis of urban space (in particular street network analysis) and examined in how far these quantities relate to real life phenomena such as the distribution of functions in a city or the movement patterns of urban users. The methods will be tested in small cities of nine to eleven thousand inhabitants (10K cities) which are located in Thuringia. We will visit these cities, collect data, draw maps and analyse these maps regarding multiple aspects.

In the second part of the seminar the knowledge of the first part is used to develop a new analysis method related to the study project “Rural stocks and flows”. The focus thereby lies on concepts for measuring the metabolism of cities. 

The potential of parametric modelling lies not only in facilitating the creation of complex shapes but rather in generating a large number of variations of a certain design concept. Thus, it supports an essential part in the process of designing: the exploration of possibilities. In order to gain most benefit of this potential, it is necessary to understand how to construct shapes by rules and to learn how to transform a design idea into a logical sequence of steps.

In this course, you will learn these skills in different practical exercises. These exercises are based on the idea of parametrizing architectural types. Types can be described as solution concepts for a certain problem and are widely used in architecture (e.g. geometric principles for creating a certain style or spatial relationships for fulfilling certain building usages). By creating parametric models of certain types we will explore the variations that these types allows for. Thereby we will gain deeper insights into the topic of typology in architecture as well as into the design process itself.

The course does not require any previous knowledge of scripting or programming and will focus on the general parametric modelling techniques using Grasshopper and Rhino3D.


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